In human context, a family is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity (blood relation), affinity, or co-residence. In most societies it is the principal institution for the socialization of children. Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal (a mother and her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife, and children; also called nuclear family); and consanguineal (also called an extended family) in which parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's family.
There are also concepts of family that break with tradition within particular societies, or those that are transplanted via migration to flourish or else cease within their new societies. As a unit of socialization the family is the object of analysis for sociologists of the family. Genealogy is a field which aims to trace family lineages through history. In science, the term "family" has come to be used as a means to classify groups of objects as being closely and exclusively related. In the study of animals it has been found that many species form groups that have similarities to human "family"—often called "packs." Sexual relations among family members are regulated by rules concerning incest such as the incest taboo.
Extended from the human "family unit" by affinity and consanguinity are concepts of family that are physical and metaphorical, or that grow increasingly inclusive extending to community, village, city, region, nationhood, global village and humanism.
Family is also an important economic unit. Economic aspects of family is subject of family economics branch within economics field.
The culture of India refers to the way of life of the people of India. India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differ from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labelled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and includes traditions that are several millennia old. Many elements of India's diverse cultures, such as Indian religions, yoga, and Indian cuisine, have had a profound impact across the world.
Indian Family For generations, India has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. It is a system under which extended members (consanguineal - Blood relation) of a family – parents, children, the children’s spouses and their offspring, etc. – live together. Usually, the oldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system. He makes all important decisions and rules, and other family members abide by them. There is a strong traditional bonding between the memebers of joint family, this a due to Indian culture, rituals, region and belifes. Its also belived that Indian Family structure teaches the value and worth of an honest living that have been pasted from genration to genration. Today due to more pratical aporach, urbanisation and search of emplyoment, we see neculer family in India, but actually even if they live separetly there is a traditional bond between these neculer families, which bring them together when need arise and you find a big joint family.
In a 1966 study, Orenstein and Micklin analyzed India's population data and family structure. Their studies suggest that Indian household sizes had remained similar over the 1911 to 1951 period. Thereafter, with urbanization and economic development, India has witnessed a break up of traditional joint family into more nuclear-like families.
Sinha, in his book, after summarizing the numerous sociological studies done on Indian family, notes that over the last 60 years, the cultural trend in most parts of India has been an accelerated change from joint family to nuclear families, much like population trends in other parts of the world. The traditional large joint family in India, in the 1990s, accounted for a small percent of Indian households, and on average had lower per capita household income. He finds that joint family still persists in some areas and in certain conditions, in part due to cultural traditions and in part due to practical factors.
For centuries, arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian society. Even today, the majority of Indians have their marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members. In the past, the age of marriage was young, especially in Rajasthan, but this is rising with modernization and there are now laws which govern the age of marriage.
In India, the divorce rate is low — 1% compared with about 40% in the United States. May be joint family and family value are the main reason for low rate of divorce. Sample surveys suggest the issues with marriages in India are similar to trends observed elsewhere in the world. The divorce rates are rising in India. Urban divorce rates are much higher. Women initiate about 80 percent of divorces in India. "Opinion is divided over what the phenomenon means: for traditionalists the rising numbers portend the breakdown of society while, for some modernists, they speak of a healthy new empowerment for women."
A nice article on Indian Family Sturcture : http://www.indianetzone.com/38/indian_family_structure.htm
Event: 15th May is celebrated as International Family Day
Family rituals, function and ceremony like naming ceremony, birthdays, marriage, puja, death etc. These family rituals are passed from generations to generations. Rituals reflect family traditions and are related to cultural, religious and ethnic perspectives and practices. These rituals have impact on behavior of society, people’s behavior in their family and society. Each family ritual is unique and is different from family to family, region and religion. To know more about Family rituals, function and ceremony visit following site:
These family rituals bring family members together. Relatives (members of different families) meet each others. Generations meet each other, Grandson meets his grandfather, and Cousin meets each other. They exchange their ideas and stories about their family. This is the 1st step towards genealogy.
It feels very nice to meet our family after long time. This is why all this rituals are so important in our life. Without this rituals the life would have be monotonous.
Sometimes it so happens that in family functions, family members and relative ask kids, did you remember me? Do you know what my relationship with you is? May be this questions irritate some kids. But these are few important questions.
We all must have faced this in our life. People think that others tend to forget them as they forget about others. But this is not the case with all of us. We remember about our family, family members and relative, due to these family rituals. We may forget their name, but if we see them anywhere, we remember about them and what is the relation with them.
Genealogy is one of the way we can refresh our knowledge about our family members and relatives. Kids can learn easily by way of pedigree chat.
Genealogy by book definition:
• "a chart or recorded history of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor or ancestors".
• "a chart showing the relationships and descent of an individual, group, genes".
Genealogical data can be collected form Government records or a person in society who keep the record, whenever a baby boy is born he records his name in his genealogical chart. I have seen many villages in India, at the village temple or the head of village maintains such records.
Many a time people get confused between genealogy and family history.
Family history refers to sequence of events in ancestors' lives, whereas in genealogical charts shows the relationship and who is the genetic descended or heir of an ancestor.
When family history and genealogy is used together we get rich data of the ancestors & the culture. How they survived the difficulties of past, what they did that made them famous, existence of the family members around the world, etc.
Genealogical data can be represented in several formats, for example as a pedigree or ancestor chart. An ancestry chart, which is a tree showing the ancestors at bottom, being wider at the top. Family trees are often presented with the oldest generations at the top and the newer generations at the bottom. In some ancestry charts, an individual appears on the left and his or her ancestors appear to the right. A descendancy chart, which depicts all the descendants of an individual will be narrowest at the top.
I am trying to collect all the Historic events, present events and future events on this site, through our feature Family Genealogy. The access to this will be given to the family members and relatives.